Heels and health: a compromise possible
The ankle injury. If you wear shoes with high heels constantly, then when the situation stretched the toe, the ankle joint becomes unstable, so that increases the risk to twist an ankle and injure the ankle joint.
Flattening of the forefoot. When walking in high heels forefoot is overloaded, when this develops transversal arches. The consequence of cross flatfoot (hereditary predisposition), the disease becomes hallux valgus (deformity of the joint of the big toe). This disease is treated only surgically, but after a while it may return, because the cause of transverse flatfoot, does not disappear.
If you frequently wear high heels often have painful corns.
Wearing heels is fraught with osteoarthritis, which is hard to treat.
Constant wearing of heels ligaments of the foot are adapted to this situation, and after already without heels walking becomes uncomfortable. It is believed that when wearing heels increases the lumbar lordosis, with the back pinched spine. Women who regularly wear heels, pain in back and knees bother more often. Some time the body tries to compensate for the load on the forefoot, but eventually ceases to compensate, then, in addition to the joints begin to ache and the ligaments.
Who is not allowed to wear heels
Definitely, heels contraindicated to children. Generally, the later the girl starts to walk in heels, the less it will affect her health. Therefore, heels are not recommended to use up to 18-20 years while continuing to grow and are formed bones and joints.
It is not recommended to wear high heel shoes for pregnant women. Women at this time are the hormone relaxin and other hormones that relax the ligaments of the pelvis, and also relax the ligaments of the foot and the arch flattens. Heels will make an even bigger difference.
Women who have problems with feet, as well as people with a hereditary predisposition to hallux valgus.
How to minimize risks
Optimal heel, which doesn’t affects the health of women, within 2.5 — 4 cm (1-1.8’’). Shoes with heels up to 3.5 cm can be worn by adolescents.
If you came out of the house in heels and proceeded to work on the car, at work, change shoes in comfortable low-heeled shoes, it is also will not bring any harm.
Shoes wedges is considered more secure in these shoes burden falls not only on the base of the fingers, but is distributed on the arch of the foot. This reduces the overload of the forefoot and the resulting deformation.
Less risk for damage of ligaments of the ankle joint if the heel is displaced to the side of the heel, not the toe side.
Increases the risk of hallux valgus the toe is narrow, and therefore preferable to shoes with a wide toe box that your fingers are not pinched at the top and sides. Completely flat shoes types of ballet shoes to wear is also undesirable, there must be at least a little arch support.