Blackheads are pores that are clogged with hardened sebum. They are also called comedones. Comedones are most often formed on your forehead, nose and chin – where the skin is oilier.
Causes of blackheads
There are many causes for blackheads.
If you notice blackheads on your face, do not rush to buy expensive cosmetics. It is better to get tested for a hormonal imbalance and try normalizing it.
Blackheads may appear after the consumption of fatty, sweet, and spicy foods, caffeine or poor-quality wine.
Substandard decorative cosmetics
As poor-quality cosmetics may induce skin problems you must be cautious of brands you are loyal to.
Insufficient skin cleansing
Make sure to wash off cosmetics before bedtime, even if you’re exhausted, otherwise you might trigger the appearance of blackheads. Conventional gel for washing is not enough. Combine cleanser with tonic to remove impurities that makeup remover has not coped with.
Sometimes blackheads tell us not only about the need to make an appointment with a cosmetologist, but also about the exacerbation of a chronic disease.
Acne in the chin area indicates a hormonal disorder, such as an increased amount of endorphins. You can eliminate this problem with the help of conventional cosmetics and hormonal medicines prescribed by a doctor.
Candida, a common fungus that does not harm a healthy person, can cause blackheads. You can easily determine the presence of this fungal infection by examining the oral cavity in bright light. If a white plaque is seen on the tongue in the form of a thick film, it’s time to contact your doctor.
How to get rid of blackheads at home
The skin performs many vital functions, some of which are associated with the secretion of the sebaceous glands. Therefore, it’s essential to maintain the balance of microorganisms on your skin. You can do it periodically by removing blackheads, excess sebum. However, this should be done carefully, otherwise the pores will be stretched, causing more sebum to be produced. The contents of the sebaceous glands will inflame and then acne will appear instead of black spots.
So, here is a list of procedures you better avoid:
- removing the blackheads at home;
- using alcohol-induced lotions and tonics;
- rubbing face with a washcloth;
- intensive and frequent scrubbing;
- applying soap and cleansers containing it;
- getting tan (both in the sun and in the solarium).
Getting rid of blackheads. Tips for all skin types:
- use special cleansers without soap;
- wash your face twice a day, in the morning and in the evening;
- do not rub the skin with washcloths, instead apply soft massaging movements with your hands;
- completely wash makeup off before hitting the sack;
- after cleansing, go to the second stage of care – use tonic;
- in the end, use a cream suitable for the type of your skin;
- it is preferable to use cosmetics which moisturize.
- Get enough sleep, at least 8 hours a day;
- Be out in the fresh air;
- Forget about stress;
- Eat properly, give up eating large amounts of sweet and fatty foods;
- Drink mineral water;
- If you have dry skin, don’t use soap;
- Bear in mind that cleansing is indispensable for skin;
- Regularly use natural scrubs.
Blackhead removal products
You can try to solve the problem yourself. Just by using one of the time-honored recipes below.
Create a paste with a little soda and water, carefully apply it to the problem areas. Massage the target areas for a few minutes, then rinse with warm water. You can replace water with apple cider vinegar. It cleans skin and penetrates deep into the pores, where the soda cannot get.
Before making baking soda compresses or clay masks, your face should be thoroughly cleaned. Rub in a cleanser appropriate for your skin type. Cosmetologists advise scrubbing skin no more than twice a month.
Blackheads pore strips
This product helps quickly remove comedones at home. But do not expect the strips to solve the problem entirely. The procedure has only a temporary effect.
Earlier this very effective and long-term procedure had to be performed by a cosmetologist, but today you are able to do microdermabrasion at home. Such a deep cleansing cannot be compared to any face mask. So, try to find the time for microdermabrasion once every six months. Then the blackheads will be gone, and the skin will look flawless.
Steam baths also prove their effectiveness. Pour water into a deep saucepan, add your favorite herbal tea, bring to a boil. Remove boiled herbal mixture from the heat, tilt your head over the pan, cover it with a towel. Stay under the blanket for about 20 minutes so that your pores are open. After apply a cleansing mask on your face (for example, blue clay mask), let it soak in, rinse with warm water and lemon juice.
DIY blackhead removal masks
To get rid of blackheads, there is a myriad of quite simple recipes for masks that you can prepare at home.
Gelatin face mask to remove blackheads
Take ½ cup of hot milk, four 4 tablespoons of gelatin, mix it and leave to double in size for 15 minutes. Heat the mass by using a water bath until the gelatin has completely dissolved in milk, cool it, apply the mask with a cotton pad onto your face. Spread a second layer of the mixture over your face, after the first, wait 20-30 minutes and finally wash your face with a chamomile infusion after taking the mask off.
White and blue clay is used to dry out oily pores. To do this, dilute some of the powder to make a paste, apply a thick layer on the face, avoiding the eyes and lips. Let the mask dry, then rinse off thoroughly with warm water.
- for dry skin – red
- for combination skin – green
- for oily – blue or white.
Lemon and honey mask
Take half a lemon, grate it, add a few drops of honey, mix until everything is well combined and dab the mask onto your skin right away. Allow it to set for 10 minutes, then wash the honey off with cool water.
Mask with activated carbon
It will take 1.5 spoons of gelatin, activated carbon (2 pills) must be crushed in advance, 1 tsp. milk mix everything and slightly heat it until the gelatin is completely dissolved. Let the mask cool down before applying it to the face. Fully cover areas that are prone to blackheads. As soon as the carbon mask dries on the face, rinse your face with warm water to remove the mask.
Mask with soda and salt
If there are pimples on the skin, soda is not recommended. Mix ½ tablespoon of both salt and soda. Moisten a cotton pad, rinse your face with hot water, then pour a pinch of the prepared mixture on the disc. Touch the skin gently in the areas where the black spots are located. This procedure can be carried out once a week.
IMPORTANT! Before applying the masks, it is necessary to steam the skin properly using hot towels or steam baths to open up your pores. Of course, all methods are great, but an excess of cosmetic and home masks can cause long-term damage to the skin of the face, so everything should be done in moderation. Remember, you will not achieve instant results, flawless skin needs systematic and regular care.